This presentation is part of the Poster Session at A Century of Design in the Parks Symposium, Santa Fe, New Mexico, June 21-23, 2016.

By Carly M. Piccarello

Abstract

This poster explores the Mission 66 Program as a kit of parts for the planned developments, timeline of events, and visitor center typology study. Each of these areas of explanation is conveyed graphically. This poster functions as a teaching tool for the Mission 66 design and planning movement, where its characteristics and parts are identified and can then be used to understand components within parks today. Due to the repetitive or patterned nature of the Mission 66 planners’ approach to park design, the plans and their components can be visualized as a kit of parts. Each part, which includes the visitor center, campgrounds, park employee housing, roads, trails, landscape features, etc., are illustrated with their basic characteristics labeled. The Mission 66 era is a unique and paramount moment in the NPS history. NPS designers faced new challenges such as labor and materials cost increases, post-WWII automobile ownership, and the forty hour work week. Two timelines identify important events that led to or influenced the Mission 66 Program, designs and legislation that resulted from this era, and the visitation increases during that time. Due to visitation increases and other pressures, architects designed the visitor centers in the NPS to respond to a similar set of constraints. The typology study is the delineation of types based on their design qualities and function for visitor use. As the National Park Service (NPS) celebrates 100 years, we face a very different set of planning and preservation issues than in the twentieth century, which include understanding, protecting, and adapting the Mission 66 districts and landscapes.

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