Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument is the first national monument in the state of Texas, and, until July 2015, it was the only one. In the 1960s, the federal government owned some of the land containing the Alibates Flint Quarries as part of Lake Meredith National Recreation area. Amateur archeologist Floyd Studer and other Amarillo area businessmen began a publicity campaign to convince the federal government to convert the land into a national monument. On March 10, 1965, Congress passed legislation creating the monument. On August 31, 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the bill into law creating Alibates Flint Quarries and Texas Panhandle Pueblo Culture National Monument. In 1978, its name was shortened to Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument.
Archeological traces of prehistoric Indians’ homes, workshops, and campsites follow along the Canadian River region of the Texas Panhandle. Few sites are as dramatic as Alibates Flint Quarries. Actually an agatized, or silicified, dolomite, the flint is distinctive for its many bright colors. This flint comes from a 10-square-mile area around the monument, but the most concentrated area is a 60 acre section atop a mesa in the heart of the monument. In 1987, archeologists surveyed an area in preparation for tour road improvements. This included detailed site mapping, controlled surface artifact collections, and subsurface test excavations. Over 5,000 artifacts were collected, examined, classified, and analyzed.